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2019迪拜金品拍卖会齐家文化玉璧

2019-08-03 15:11 软广 分享
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齐家文化玉璧中华文化瑰宝

中昌雅【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

Zhongchangya [Tibet. Recommendation] column recommends art treasures selected by experts at the first level of national appraisal to buyers for their strong dissemination effect. It provides a bridge for collectors and enables thousands of art treasures to be excavated and valued, and to be sold at high prices at auction.

【名称】:齐家文化和田白玉玉璧

【规格】:重量:36.85 g   直径:54.3mm

[Name]: Qijia Culture and Tian Baiyubi

 

       [Specification] Weight: 36.85 g Diameter: 54.3 mm

 

齐家文化是以中国甘肃为中心地区的新石器时代晚期文化,已经进入铜石并用阶段,其名称来自于其主要遗址甘肃广河县齐家坪遗址。齐家坪遗址1924 [1]  由考古学家安特生所发现。

时间跨度约公元前2200年至公元前1600年的齐家文化,是黄河上游地区一支具有特殊价值的考古学文化,其主要分布于甘肃东部向西至张掖、青海湖一带东西近千公里范围内,地跨甘肃、宁夏、青海、内蒙古等4省区。随着齐家文化研究的不断深入,齐家文化已成为探索中华文明形成与早期发展的重要研究对象之一,在海内外影响日益扩大。 

Qijia Culture is a late Neolithic culture centered on Gansu Province, China. It has entered the stage of copper-stone blending. Its name comes from the Qijiaping site in Guanghe County, Gansu Province. Qijiaping site 1924 [1] was discovered by archaeologist Anteson.

Qijia culture, which spans about 2200 BC to 1600 BC, is an archaeological culture of special value in the upper reaches of the Yellow River. It mainly distributes in the eastern part of Gansu Province, which is nearly 1000 kilometers west to Zhangye and east to west of Qinghai Lake. It spans Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and other four provinces. With the deepening of the study of Qijia culture, Qijia culture has become one of the important research objects to explore the formation and early development of Chinese civilization, and its influence at home and abroad is expanding day by day. [1]

Qijia culture is about 4000 years old. ]

 

有玉璧(肉大于好)、玉环(肉好相若)、玉瑗(好大于肉)、两璜联璧、三璜联璧(俗称三合璧)、多璜联璧、异形璧(如三牙璧,玉璇玑的原始形状)等。单璜也可以算璧的一部分,是由璧演变而来的。所用材料大多是就地取材或就近取材(这主要受制于当时的经济条件和交通条件),其中也有少量的和田玉,还有的疑似青海玉。就其材质而言,有石质(最多也最常见,这里不作讨论)、半石半玉、玉料,还有绿松石、天河石、贝壳(这里也不作讨论)。所用玉料大多质地较好,有白玉、青白玉、黄玉、糖玉、碧玉、墨玉、灰色玉等,还有介于不同颜色之间的杂色玉。现代考古发掘和玉料开采证明,齐家文化分布地域范围内拥有丰富的玉料矿藏。据笔者观察,齐家文化玉璧用料最多的是来自榆中县与临洮县交界的马衔山,玉质相对较好,比较接近和田玉,还有武山、积石山、祁连山等地方的玉,偶有疑似青海玉的玉料。当然,和田玉质量更好,更为难得。

古来就有“西土出美玉”的说法,近现代古玩界也有古玉器“东土不如中土,中土不如西土”的说法。我想这里所指的主要是两个层面:一是指我国西部出产的玉料材质比较好;二是指西部地区干旱少雨和黄土地貌等自然条件,使玉器埋藏的环境条件相对较好,更有利于玉器的保藏。

There are Yubi (meat is better than good), Yuhuan (meat is better than good), Yuying (better than meat), Lianbi, Lianbi (commonly known as Sanhebi), Duojuan Lianbi, Heteromorphic Bi (such as Sanya Bi, Yuxuanbi's original shape) and so on. Shanju can also be considered as a part of Bi, which evolved from Bi. Most of the materials used are local or near materials (which are mainly subject to the economic and traffic conditions at that time), including a small amount of Hetian jade, and some suspected Qinghai jade. As far as its material is concerned, there are stone (most common, not discussed here), semi-stone, semi-jade, jade, turquoise, Tianhe stone, shells (not discussed here). Most of the jade materials used are of good texture, including white, cyan-white, topaz, sugar, jasper, ink, gray, etc., as well as variegated jades between different colors. Modern archaeological excavation and jade mining prove that there are abundant jade deposits in the area of Qijia culture. According to the author's observation, the most material used in Qijia culture is Mayan Mountain, which is located at the junction of Yuzhong County and Lintao County. The quality of jade is relatively good and close to Hetian Jade. There are also jade from Wushan, Jishishan, Qilian Mountain and other places, occasionally suspected of Qinghai Jade. Of course, the quality of Hetian jade is better and more rare.

In ancient times, there has been the saying that "beautiful jade unearthed from the west" and that "the Eastern soil is inferior to the middle soil, and the middle soil is inferior to the western soil" in modern antique circles. I think the main points here are two aspects: one is that the material quality of jade produced in Western China is better; the other is that the natural conditions such as drought, less rain and loess landform in Western China make the environmental conditions of jade burial relatively good, which is more conducive to the preservation of jade.

 

此藏品为和田白玉质齐家文化玉璧,和田玉质白,肉质细腻油性高,沁色自然拉丝工艺高超,高倍放大镜下古人的智慧历历在目,具有很高的收藏价值,为本次迪拜卖场核心推荐藏品,欢迎各位藏友莅临迪拜卖场咨询竞拍,机会难得!

This collection is made of Hetian white jade of Qijia culture, Hetian white jade with fine and oily flesh, superb natural silk drawing technology, and the wisdom of the ancients under a high magnifying glass. It has a high collection value. It is recommended for the core of this Dubai market. Welcome all Tibetan friends to visit the Dubai market for consultation and bidding. It will be rare!
 

 

 


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