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精品赏析:双旗币伍佰文

2019-10-21 18:10 软广 分享
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1911年辛亥革命胜利后,清帝退位,中华民国成立。中国民主主义革命的先驱者孙中山就任中华民国临时,并在颁布的“临时令”中提出要“另刊新模,鼓铸纪念币”,随后武昌和南京两处造币厂率先铸行了 “中华民国开国纪念币”铜元辅币,以十文面值的为主,在全国发行以取代清朝铜元。这就是“中华民国开国纪念币” 铜元的由来。 无庸置疑,这种铜元的币名很明确,就是“中华民国开国纪念币”。根据钱币收藏界的一般共识,对一种钱币,应该把可以明确币名或显示钱币主要特征的一面称为“面”,而把其相对的另一面称为“背”,据此我们应该把此币能区别于前朝铜元,并具有鲜明的划时代革命和进步意义的有“中华民国开国纪念币”(以下简称开国纪念币)字样的一面称为面,而把其对应记值的另一面称为背,铜币当时面值以当十、当二十为主,当五十、当五佰文面值的相当少见,非常珍贵。

After the victory of 1911 Revolution, Emperor Qing abdicated and the Republic of China was founded. Sun Yat-sen, the pioneer of China's democratic revolution, took office as the temporary governor of the Republic of China. In the "temporary decree" issued by Sun Yat-sen, he proposed that "new models should be published and commemorative coins should be minted". Then, two mints in Wuchang and Nanjing took the lead in coining the "commemorative coins of the founding of the Republic of China" copper coins, mainly in ten denominations, which were issued nationwide to replace the copper coins of the Qing Dynasty. This is the origin of the copper dollar of the commemorative coin of the founding of the Republic of China. Undoubtedly, the name of this copper coin is very clear. It is the commemorative coin of the founding of the Republic of China. According to the general consensus of coin collecting circles, one side of a coin that can define its name or show its main characteristics should be called "face" and the other side should be called "back". Therefore, we should distinguish this coin from the copper yuan of the former dynasty, and have a distinct epoch-making revolution and progressive significance of the "commemoration of the founding of the Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as the Founding of the People's Republic of China Commemoration). One side of the word "coin" is called "face", while the other side of its corresponding value is called "back". At that time, the face value of copper coin was mainly ten and twenty, and fifty and five hundred characters were quite rare and precious.

 

【藏品名称】:双旗币伍佰文

Title of Collection: Wu Baiwen

【类别】:钱币

[Category]: Coins

中华民国双旗伍佰文铜币,为中国铜元之大者,系试铸样币。当属全国铜元十大珍之一。正面右旗(国旗)未刻出图纹,系模具半成时试模铸造。殊为奇特,存世罕见及其珍惜。

Wu Baiwen copper coin of the two flags of the Republic of China, the largest copper coin in China, is a sample coin. It is one of the top ten treasures of copper yuan in China. The right flag on the front (national flag) has not been engraved. It is a semi-finished trial-casting die. It is unique, rare and cherished in the world.

伍佰文铜元是军阀主政河南时的产品。当政时期有大量不同面值的铜元铸造。根据此币正面所铸青天白日满地红的国旗图案来看,此币铸造的时间应该为北伐战争时期胜利以后刘峙任河南省时所铸。其主政初期,铸有大量的铜元,且多为大面值的二百文铜元,据了解河南伍佰文铜元也是其主政出奇的作品,也许是因其面值过大而遭各界反对,此币未批量铸造,仅出少量样币。其极为罕见是肯定的,由于此币享有中国铜元的盛名,更兼之以稀罕难觅,故历来为中国铜元的大名誉珍品之一。

Wu Baiwen Tongyuan was the product of warlords in Henan Province. There were a lot of copper yuan foundries with different denominations during the reign. According to the red flag pattern on the front of the coin, the coin should be coined at the time of Liu Shiren's reign in Henan Province after the victory of the Northern Expedition. In the early days of his reign, a large amount of copper yuan was minted, mostly 200 yuan of large face value. It is known that Wu Baiwen's copper yuan in Henan Province is also a work of his reign. Perhaps it was opposed by all walks of life because of its large face value. This coin was not minted in batches, but only a small amount of sample coins were produced. It is extremely rare and certain. Because it enjoys the reputation of the Chinese copper dollar and is also rare and hard to find, it has always been one of the great reputation and treasures of the Chinese copper dollar.

此钱币正面中央铃两面交叉的民国国旗,外环珠圈,上缘“中华民国”,下缘纪值:阿拉伯数字“500”和英文“CASH”,左右各列一花枝,外环齿边和纹饰图案。背面为面值“伍百文”,并配以稻穗组成的嘉禾图,外环齿边和纹饰图。无纪局钱文。因面值过高,在流通中无法推行,旋铸即停,当今存世稀少。 此枚伍百文铜币是铜元史上先铸造的面值大的铜币,因为1934年川陕省苏维埃政府也发行过伍百文铜币。民国双旗伍百文铜元为河南铜元局、后改为「河南机器制造局」于1933年制造的试铸样币,未正式流通。

On the obverse of the coin, the national flag of the Republic of China intersects on both sides of the central bell, the outer ring bead circle, the upper edge of the Republic of China, and the lower edge value: Arabic numeral "500" and English "cash", with a flower branch arranged on the left and right, the outer ring tooth edge and the decorative pattern. On the back is the face value of "Wu Baiwen", with a Jiahe map composed of rice panicles, outer ring edges and decorations. No Discipline Bureau Qian Wen. Because the face value is too high, it can not be carried out in circulation, and the rotary casting is stopped, which is rare in the world today. This Wu Baiwen copper coin is a large-value copper coin first minted in the history of the copper yuan, because the Soviet government of Sichuan and Shaanxi Province also issued Wu Baiwen copper coin in 1934. Wu Baiwen Copper Yuan, a double-banner coin of the Republic of China, was made in 1933 by Henan Copper Yuan Bureau and later by Henan Machinery Manufacturing Bureau. It has not been formally circulated.

 

河南制币局在制五百文铜币初期阶段,由于当时河南的政治、军事原因,对该币整体方案,在采用纹饰方案上认识一致,但在采用双旗国民党阴阳双党徽方案上产生重大分歧,故而双旗阴阳双党徽方案样品制作出来后,未被通过,故而改版,改为双旗国民党单阳党徽方案,待样品制作出来后,仍未通过,故而再改版,又改为双旗国民党单线型像征性党徽,样品出来后被认可。至此制五百文铜币初始阶段结束,转入正式样品阶段。在完善方案后,由手工为主的样版转为机制版,这就是伍百文铜币同样由于当时的政治、军事原因被上层核准而强行停止制作和在市场上停止流通。

In the initial stage of making 500-yuan copper coin, Henan Monetary Bureau had the same understanding on the overall scheme of the coin because of the political and military reasons at that time. However, there were significant differences on the scheme of adopting the Yin-Yang bipartisan emblem of the Kuomintang with two flags. Therefore, the sample of the scheme of the Yin-Yang bipartisan emblem of the Kuomintang with two flags was not passed, so it was changed to the single-yang Kuomintang with two flags. The emblem scheme was not passed after the sample was made, so it was re-edited and changed to the single-line symbolic emblem of the Kuomintang with two flags, which was approved after the sample came out. So far, the initial stage of making 500-character copper coins has ended, and it has been transferred to the formal sample stage. After perfecting the scheme, the manual-based model was changed to the mechanism version, which means that the Wubaiwen copper coin was also forcibly stopped making and circulating in the market because of the political and military reasons at that time.

 

由于双旗币产生于民国时期,民国在中国历史上仅仅存在了几十年的时间,因此,在兵荒马乱、国内战争频发的期间内,钱币在经历了无穷的岁月之后,依然可以完整地保留下来,实属不易,具有很高的文物收藏价值、历史文化价值以及艺术品鉴价值。虽说民国时期的钱币版本较多,但能够收藏到这种正面镌刻有“五百文”楷体字、反面印制着“中华民国”双面旗帜的全真试铸币,也在当今的藏品市场中并不多见。

Because the double-flag coins came into being in the period of the Republic of China and only existed for several decades in the history of the Republic of China, it is not easy for them to remain intact after the endless years during the period of unrest and frequent civil wars. They have high value of cultural relics collection, historical and cultural value and artistic appreciation. Although there are many versions of coins in the period of the Republic of China, there are not many of them in today's collection market.

 

此枚500文双旗铜币虽经历了无穷岁月,但纹路依然清晰可见,上面的包浆也见证了其历史的积淀,具有非常明显的历史过渡性特征,有着难以言喻的收藏价值。铜币保存较好,钱文、轮廓的清晰程度较好,具有很高的历史价值、艺术价值和收藏价值。

Although this 500-character double-flag copper coin has gone through endless years, its grain is still clearly visible, and the slurry on it has witnessed its historical accumulation, with a very obvious historical transitional characteristics, and has an indescribable collection value. Copper coins are well preserved, and the clarity of the coins and outlines is good. They have high historical value, artistic value and collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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