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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:坐洋币签字版错版币

2019-12-18 22:04 软广 分享
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法属印度支那贸易银圆,俗称坐洋,正式名为安南银元,亦称“坐人”、“法光”,为清末民初在华流通的外国银圆之一。因为这种银币正面所铸的自由女神坐像头上的花圈有光芒七束,俗称“七角”。各种坐洋时断时续发行至1937年,因为战争的暗影而宣告完毕。综观坐洋历年的发行量,以1903年至1923年间最为张狂,年铸几百万至上千万枚。

The French Indian zhina Trade Silver Dollar, commonly known as "sitting in the ocean" and officially named Annan Silver Dollar, also known as "sitting in the person" and "Faguang", is one of the foreign silver dollars circulating in China in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. Because the wreath on the head of the statue of liberty cast on the front of this silver coin has seven beams of light, commonly known as "seven horns." All kinds of foreign ships were issued intermittently until 1937, when they were announced due to the shadow of the war. Looking at the circulation over the years, from 1903 to 1923, Zuoyang was the most arrogant, casting millions to tens of millions each year.

 

【藏品名称】:坐洋币签字版错版币

[Collection Name]: The wrong currency in the signature version of foreign currency

【类别】:钱币

[Category]: Coin

当时的法属印度支那指东南亚印度支那半岛东部,它包括东京(越南北部)、安南(越南中部)、交趾支那(越南南部)、老挝和柬埔寨等地,总面积74万多平方公里。1858年,法兰西第二帝国入侵,该地区相继沦为法国的殖民地,坐洋就是用于该地区的殖民货币。

At that time, French Indian zhina referred to the eastern part of the Indian zhina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It included Tokyo (northern Vietnam), Annan (central Vietnam), zhina (southern Vietnam), Laos and Cambodia, with a total area of over 740,000 square kilometers. In 1858, France's Second Empire invaded and the region was successively reduced to a French colony. Seating the ocean was the colonial currency used in the region.

 

清史料中有出使英法的大臣曾纪泽在1879年6月24日奏章,中写道:“法国外部瓦定敦咨称:法国现铸造大元银钱,用之于安南等处地方,并拟用之于附近各国,甚愿贵国收受此钱通行天下,并望海关衙门准其收„„”,可见法国当年开铸坐洋的初衷除了在殖民地行用,而且还有打入包括中国在内的“附近各国”的企图。这一时期的坐洋银元果然堂而皇之地大量流入了我国与印度支那地区接壤的云南、广西,甚至渗透到广东、福建,与本洋、鹰洋、站洋、日本龙洋等外国银元一起广泛参与了我国民间贸易的流通。因此它也成了历史上法国对中国实施经济侵略的实物佐证。

In the Qing Dynasty's historical materials, Ceng Jize, a minister who was on a mission to Britain and France, wrote in a letter dated June 24, 1879: "France's external Vattingen Consul said that France is now casting large-dollar silver coins for use in places such as Annan and other places, and intends to use them in nearby countries. He hoped that your country would accept the money and pass through the world, and hope the customs and yamen would allow it to be collected." It can be seen that France's original intention in founding a foreign country was not only to use it in colonies, but also to enter "nearby countries" including China. During this period, the foreign silver coins flowed openly into China's Yunnan and Guangxi provinces bordering India's zhina region, and even penetrated into Guangdong and Fujian. Together with foreign silver coins such as Benyang, Yingyang, Zhanyang and Japan's Long Yang, they participated extensively in the circulation of China's folk trade. Therefore, it has also become a physical proof of France's economic aggression against China in history.

法国自1885年始铸坐洋至1928年停铸,历时43年,其中1892、1911、1912、1914—1920、1923等年未发行外,其它32年均有发行;按照年号、重量、记号的分别排列组合进行统计,坐洋共计38个版式;如:1885—1895之间发行均为加重版,重量为27.215克,1895—1928之间改为普通版,重量减为27克。

France started casting in 1885 and stopped casting in 1928, which lasted 43 years. Except for 1892, 1911, 1912, 1914-1920 and 1923, other 32 years have been published. Statistics are made according to the arrangement and combination of the year number, weight and marks, and the total number of foreign seats is 38 formats. For example, from 1885 to 1895, the weight was 27.215 grams, and from 1895 to 1928, the weight was reduced to 27 grams.

 

此枚1905年坐洋错版币,银币正面为手执束棒的自由女神坐像,背面的装饰图案为麦穗,两侧铸法文文字是“REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE(法兰西共和国)”。女神座下方有小字法文“BARRE”和该币发行的年份“1905”。银币背面的主图案为一花环,周圈为说明文字,花环上方铸法文为“FRANCAISE INDO-CHINE(法兰西印度支那)”,银币花环中间的横向文字为银币的面额“PIASTRE DE COMMERCE(皮阿斯特的贸易银)”。银币花环下方文字为“TITRE 0.900 POIDS 27 GR(含银千分之九百,重量27克)”。整块银币背面文字的中文意译为:法兰西(所属的)印度支那(银币)。壹贸易银元重27克。本币为1905年背面颠倒错版币,此坐洋色泽自然,不论是文字还是图案,都显得自然细腻,深浅合适,整体设计新颖,铸工精湛,具有极高的收藏价值和艺术价值。

This 1905 silver coin sits on a foreign plate. The front of the silver coin is a statue of the Statue of Liberty holding a bundle of sticks. The decorative pattern on the back is wheat ears. The French words cast on both sides are "REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE". Below the Goddess's throne are the small French word "BARRE" and the year 1905 when the coin was issued. The main pattern on the back of the silver coin is a wreath, the circle is the explanatory text, French is "FRANCAISE INDO-CHINE" cast above the wreath, and the horizontal text in the middle of the wreath is the denomination "PIASTRE DE COMMERCE" of the silver coin. The inscription below the silver garland reads "TITRE 0.900 POIDS 27 GR (containing 900 thousandths of silver and weighing 27 grams)". The Chinese paraphrase of the words on the back of the whole silver coin is: French (affiliated) Indian zhina (silver coin). One trade silver dollar weighs 27 grams. The local currency is 1905 reverse misprint currency. This foreign currency is natural in color and luster. Whether it is written or patterned, it looks natural and exquisite, with appropriate depth. The overall design is novel and the caster is exquisite. It has extremely high collection value and artistic value.

 

 

 

 

 

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